The Abstract should not exceed 250 words. Please minimize the use of abbreviations and do not cite references in the abstract. Reports of randomized controlled trials should follow the CONSORT extension for abstracts. The abstract must include the following separate sections:
- Purpose: the context and purpose of the study
- Methods: how the study was performed and statistical tests used
- Results: the main findings
- Conclusion: brief summary and potential implications
- Trial registration: If your article reports the results of a health care intervention on human participants, it must be registered in an appropriate registry and the registration number and date of registration should be in stated in this section. If it was not registered prospectively (before enrollment of the first participant), you should include the words ‘retrospectively registered’. See our editorial policies for more information on trial registration.
The Abstract should not exceed 250 words. Please minimize the use of abbreviations and do not cite references in the abstract. The abstract must include the following separate sections:
- Purpose: why the case should be reported and its novelty
- Case presentation: a brief description of the patient’s clinical and demographic details, the diagnosis, any interventions and the outcomes
- Conclusion: a brief summary of the clinical impact or potential implications of the case report.
Style and language
For editors and reviewers to accurately assess the work presented in your manuscript you need to ensure the English language is of sufficient quality to be understood. If you need help with writing in English you should consider:
Visiting the English language tutorial which covers the common mistakes when writing in English.
Asking a colleague who is a native English speaker to review your manuscript for clarity.
Using a professional language editing service where editors will improve the English to ensure that your meaning is clear and identify problems that require your review.
Please note that the use of a language editing service is not a requirement for publication in the journal and does not imply or guarantee that the article will be selected for peer review or accepted.
Please, find the abstract model example HERE
Abstract Submission Form for Participants
November 15th, 2018
Abstract Submission Form for Students